Many of us do not go to a doctor to protect our eye health as long as we do not have any problems. However, many diseases that may occur in the eyes can be diagnosed and treated at the beginning stage. Acibadem Kadikoy Hospital eye health and diseases specialist Prof. Dr. Muslim Vulture told me what diseases could signal the symptoms in the eyes and gave important information.

Visual impairment

Visual impairment usually refers to refractive errors in children, eye slippage and lazy eye. It is associated with cataract, eye pressure and yellow spot diseases at middle and advanced ages, while it is mainly a harbinger of refractive errors in young people. In addition, after 40 years of adjustment power decrease as a result of close visual impairment develops. This is a purely physiological condition and should not be considered a disease.

Blood in the eyes

As a reaction to the surface of the eye, the blood in the eyes is often formed due to the widening of superficial capillaries. In addition to being the most common symptom of dry eye, conjunctivitis (inflammation of the thin and transparent layer of the inner part of the eyelids of the eyes with the white part of the eyes), blepharitis (lid edge inflammation), or keratitis (corneal inflammation) infections and allergic diseases can also develop.

Eye pain

Pain can be felt around the eye or behind the eye. Dry eye, eye pressure, some eye infections such as herpes in the eyes, the main cause of migraines with the eye arpacık. Sinusitis can also be one of the most important causes of eye pain.

Aging in the eye

Loss of tear production or discharge can cause tears in the eyes. Contrary to common belief in society, dry eye reflex can give a sign of aging in the eye. In addition, allergic diseases, toxic environments and infections, looseness of the lower eyelid, leakage or obstruction of the tear duct mouth, tear duct obstruction, such as the drainage can not occur in the eyes yaşarma occurs. At an advanced age, the looseness of the eyelid can also cause the eye to live especially during reading activities.

Deburring

When there is a problem with the eyes, infection first comes to mind. Contrary to common belief in society, divergence is not always indicative of infection. For example, the allergic conjunctivitis table can be watery and itchy with burping. Inflammation of the eyelid, conjunctivitis and creatitis (inflammation of the cornea layer in front of the eye is a disease that develops) in the table is also Crooked. In the obstruction of the tear duct, only water or Burroughs can occur without redness and pain.

Light flashes

Light flashes in the eyes can be a precursor to retinal diseases and migraines. Retinal tears can cause light flashes. Especially in people with high myopia, light is seen more often. When it is diagnosed early, it is prevented from separating the retinal layers by closing the tear environment with the laser method. A condition that requires immediate diagnosis and treatment of retinal tears. Because early diagnosis can be treated with laser this table, when late in treatment called retinal detachment (separation) and can result in blindness can cause disease. Blinking of light in the visual field, zigzag lines, wavy vision is the typical symptom of migraine. Even if these symptoms cause great anxiety, the complaints at the end of the attack is completely healed.

Black objects flying in the eyes

People describe black objects flying in the eyes differently, such as dots, lines, spiders, and flies. These are the shadows on the retina of the cell clusters that fill the space inside the eye, which are in the transparent gel structure and fall into the transparent medium called vitreous. They are mostly seen in the bright and open ground. Even after cataract surgery, people’s awareness of the new transparent lenses can increase to disturb. In people with these complaints, a detailed eye exam should be done. Because any inflammation in the eye, hemorrhage, or tumor can also give similar symptoms. 

Sensitivity to light

Sensitivity to light can signal eye dryness, hypermetropia, astigmatism, allergies and more rarely, some congenital retinal diseases. The underlying cause of a young child being disturbed by light is usually hypermetropia or astigmatism, while the young people are allergic, medium and advanced age as a result of dry eye corneal abrasions are thought to occur.

These examinations are very important

Even if there is no complaint, routine eye examinations should never be neglected. Eye damage, such as retinal and optic nerve damage, can be prevented by routine eye checks. Routine eye examinations are important in the following age and frequency.

When the first eye examination is 6 months old, it is important for the early diagnosis of some congenital diseases.
50 healthy individuals without any eye disease until the age of 2 years, once per year after the age of 50 they have to be careful to hold the bottle in your hand.
In people with any eye problem, it is important to repeat examinations at periods required by the disease.

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